The Philippines has had a total of six constitutions since the Proclamation of Independence on June 12, 1898.
What are the 6 constitutions of the Philippines?
- 1987 Constitution.
- 1986 Provisional “Freedom” Constitution.
- 1973 Constitution.
- 1943 Constitution. (Constitution During the Japanese Occupation)
- 1935 Constitution.
- 1899 Constitution.
What are the different constitutions in the Philippines?
- Full text of the 1987 Constitution.
- The 1987 Constitution divided per section.
- The 1986 Freedom Constitution: promulgated by Presidential Proclamation, March 25, 1986.
- The 1973 Constitution: as Amended in October 16-17, 1976, on January 30, 1980, and April 7, 1981.
What is Philippine constitution?
The foundation of the system of government of the Philippines is the constitution. Constitution defined: In its broad sense, the term constitution refers to the “body of rules and principles in accordance with which the powers of sovereignty is regularly exercised.”
Who wrote the 1973 Philippine constitution?
The convention then re-convened and wrote a constitution in line with what President Ferdinand Marcos wanted, at least, according to many critics and victims of martial law. Marcos issued Presidential Decree No.
What are the 7 main parts of the Constitution?
- Article I – The Legislative Branch. …
- Article II – The Executive Branch. …
- Article III – The Judicial Branch. …
- Article IV – The States. …
- Article V – Amendment. …
- Article VI – Debts, Supremacy, Oaths. …
- Article VII – Ratification.
What are the 3 constitution of the Philippines?
Three other constitutions have effectively governed the country in its history: the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution, the 1973 Constitution, and the 1986 Freedom Constitution.
What is 1899 constitution all about?
The Political Constitution of 1899 (Spanish: Constitución Política de 1899), informally known as the Malolos Constitution, was the constitution of the First Philippine Republic. … The constitution placed limitations on unsupervised freedom of action by the chief executive which would have hampered rapid decision making.
What is 1986 Freedom constitution all about?
A provisional government was proclaimed in March 1986 by Aquino with the adoption of an interim constitution, informally called “Freedom Constitution” by her administration. … This includes the power to remove and replace local government officials during the transition period.
What is 1943 constitution all about?
The 1943 Constitution was the constitution of the Japanese-sponsored Second Republic of the Philippines (1943-1945). It was recognized as legitimate and binding only in Japanese-controlled areas of the Philippines but was ignored by the United States government and the Philippine Commonwealth government in-exile.
What is Article 14 of the Philippine Constitution?
Section 1. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels, and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. (1) All educational institutions shall include the study of the Constitution as part of the curricula. …
What was the 1973 Constitution?
Drafted by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, with additional assistance from the country’s opposition parties, it was approved by the Parliament on 10 April and ratified on 14 August 1973. The Constitution is intended to guide Pakistan’s law, its political culture, and system.
How many articles are in the Constitution?
The Constitution of the United States contains a preamble and seven articles that describe the way the government is structured and how it operates.
What was the first Philippine Constitution?
In 1899, the Malolos Constitution, the first Philippine Constitution—the first republican constitution in Asia—was drafted and adopted by the First Philippine Republic, which lasted from 1899 to 1901.
How many articles are there in 1973 constitution?
The 1973 constitution contains 280 articles and 7 schedules, and establishes a centralized federal system.
Who was the first female president in the Philippines?
|Her Excellency Corazon Aquino CCLH|
|Born||Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco25 January 1933 Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippine Islands|
|Died||1 August 2009 (aged 76) Makati, Philippines|
|Resting place||Manila Memorial Park – Sucat|
How many amendments are in the Constitution?
The US Constitution has 27 amendments that protect the rights of Americans. Do you know them all? The US Constitution was written in 1787 and ratified in 1788.
What are the 3 classes of rights?
The three levels of obligation encompass both civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights, blurring the perceived distinction between them.
Who wrote the Constitution?
At the Constitutional Convention on September 17th, 1787, James Madison, known as the Founding Father formatted and wrote what we know as the US Constitution. All fifty-six delegates signed it, giving their unyielding approval.
What are the 3 parts of Constitution?
The Constitution has three main parts. First is the Preamble, an introduction that states the goals and purposes of the government. Next are seven articles that describe the struc- ture of the government. Third are 27 amendments, or addi- tions and changes, to the Constitution.
What is Article 13 of the Philippine Constitution?
Section 13. The State shall establish a special agency for disabled persons for their rehabilitation, self-development, and self-reliance, and their integration into the mainstream of society.
Who signed the Philippine 1935 Constitution?
The constitution was approved by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 23, 1935, and ratified by popular vote on May 14, 1935. On September 16, 1935, presidential elections were held. Candidates included former president Emilio Aguinaldo, the Iglesia Filipina Independiente leader Gregorio Aglipay, and others.
How many articles are there in the 1987 Philippine Constitution?
The Constitution is divided into 18 Articles: National Territory (I); Declaration of Principles and State Policies Principles (II); Bill of Rights (III); Citizenship (IV); Suffrage (V); Legislative Department (VI); Executive Department (VII); Judicial Department (VIII); Constitutional Commissions (IX); Local Government …
What is the main purpose of Constitution?
What is the purpose of the constitution? The purpose of the Constitution is to limit the power of the government such that the rights of the citizens are protected from government abuse.
What is Proclamation No 3?
Proclamation No. 3 declaring a national policy to implement the reforms mandated by the people, adopting a Provisional Constitution, and related matters.
What form of government is 1943 constitution?
The Philippines is a republican state. The government established by this Constitution shall be known as the Republic of the Philippines.
Who made the Filipino First policy?
Filipino First’ (Tagalog: Pilipino Muna) refers to a policy first introduced and implemented by the administration of then Philippine President Carlos P. Garcia.
How many pages are there in the Constitution?
This 192-page edition contains the complete full United States Constitution, The Declaration of Independence, The Bill of Rights, every constitutional amendment to the present day & more.
Who is known as the Father of the Constitution?
James Madison, America’s fourth President (1809-1817), made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing The Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In later years, he was referred to as the “Father of the Constitution.”
What are the 3 main purposes of a constitution?
First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.
Who is the second Philippine president?
After the first national elections were held on September 16, 1935, Manuel L. Quezon was elected as the second President of the Philippines and the first President of the Philippine Commonwealth.
What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution called?
They wanted a “living document.” This means the Constitution can change with the country. A change to the Constitution is called an amendment. In 1791, a list of ten amendments was added. The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights.
What is Commonwealth No 578?
578 – AN ACT TO AMEND ARTICLE ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-TWO OF THE REVISED PENAL CODE, SO AS TO INCLUDE TEACHERS, PROFESSORS, AND PERSONS CHARGED WITH THE SUPERVISION OF PUBLIC OR DULY RECOGNIZED PRIVATE SCHOOLS, COLLEGES, AND UNIVERSITIES, WITHIN THE TERM “PERSONS IN AUTHORITY”
What is Article 12 of the Philippine Constitution?
The State shall protect the nation’s marine wealth in its archipelagic waters, territorial sea, and exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens. … In such agreements, the State shall promote the development and use of local scientific and technical resources.
What does Article 6 Section 16 of the Philippine Constitution mean?
The President may call a special session at any time. SECTION 16. (1) The Senate shall elect its President and the House of Representatives its Speaker, by a majority vote of all its respective Members. Each House shall choose such other officers as it may deem necessary.
Who abolished 1956 Constitution?
Demise. On 7 October 1958, President Iskander Mirza staged a coup d’état. He abrogated the constitution, imposed martial law and appointed General Muhammad Ayub Khan as the Chief Martial Law Administrator and Aziz Ahmad as Secretary General and Deputy Chief Martial Law Administrator.
Who gave Constitution of 1956?
Choudhary Muhammad Ali was the Prime Minister at that time. The draft of this Constitution was introduced in the Assembly on 9th January 1956 and was passed by the Assembly on 29th February 1956. The assent was given on it by the Governor General on 2nd March 1956.
Who abrogated 1962 Constitution?
1969 March 25 constitution of 1962 was abrogated by General Yahya Khan.
Who made the first flag of the Philippines?
HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINE FLAG – 3 women sewed the flag at 535 Morrison Hill Road in Hongkong. They were Marcela Agoncillo, daughter Lorenza and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, a niece of Dr. Jose Rizal. It was first flown and waved by Gen.